Unusual setting for a "normal" conference, but already a familiar image for the Summer Shoal: participants sit in a circle under the open sky.

Summer Shoal 2022

After a three-year break due to the pandemic, the Summer Shoal took place again at the end of June in Pedras d'el Rei in the Algarve. It was already the fourth edition of this extraordinary conference, where participants sit together in the open air.

One speaker said that what he was presenting to us were, for the time being, thoughts spoken aloud, which he would not have dared to do at a "normal" conference, but here we were among ourselves. He hit the nail on the head: the Summer Shoal is about low barriers, about breaking down fears of contact, about direct contact with each other. We will continue in doing so not only at the next Summer Shoal but on each day until then and beyond!

This year, we welcomed Felicity Huntingford, a pioneer in the field of fish welfare, who took us through 60 years of literature to find out what behavioural need is and whether fishes have it. Vivek Rachuri and Sena Deniz Kıraç from the non-governmental organisations Fish Welfare Initiative and Kafessiz Türkiye spoke about the situation of aquaculture in India and Turkey. In Auke Pasterkamp (seaconcept.nl) we had a representative of the fishing industry as a guest who described his path from sceptic to convinced supporter of fisheries certification. These four people alone would probably never have met under other circumstances—and there were a total of 40 people from science, veterinary medicine, from non-governmental organisations and certifiers who contributed their perspectives.


Participants at the 2022 edition of the Summer Shoal in Pedras d'el Rei in the Algarve.

The fisheries part of the Summer Shoal was particularly eagerly awaited this time because fair-fish international, together with its partners FishEthoGroup, CCMAR, Friend of the Sea, and DeMoS, presented the pioneering project "Carefish/catch", which addresses the so far neglected fish welfare in fisheries.

The unexpectedly emotional conclusion was provided by artist Hélène Gugenheim (DeMoS), who encouraged participants to tell very personal stories related to fish or the fish-human community. With her project "The Wake", she wants to raise awareness of the fact that we are all part of the ocean family—also unthinkable at a "normal" conference.

With the unusual concept of the Summer Shoal, we hope to have laid the foundation for new food for thought and possibly even new collaborations. We are looking forward to the next edition in the open air.

"The Wake": While some participants shared personal stories, all held salt in their hands to remind us of what we share with the fishes and that each of us belongs to the ocean family.

Invited speaker: Felicity Huntingford, University of Glasgow, one of the pioneers in the field of fish welfare.


The 2022 presentations

View the full text book
View the abstracts

For the video, click on the author's name—for the text, click on the presentation title.

Aquaculture sessions

Felicity Huntingford
What, exactly, is a behavioural need, why might fish have them and how can we tell?

Francesc Padrós
The worst thing you can do to a fish is to treat it in a humane manner: Sociological, ethic, moral and religious perspectives from a fish vet.

Morris Villaroel
Moving beyond Council Regulation (EC) No. 1099/2009 to promote fish welfare at stunning/killing

Sónia Soares & María J. Cabrera-Álvarez
Stunning and slaughter in sea bream farming: current practices and possible improvements.

João Saraiva
Finding the "golden stocking density": a balance between fish welfare and farmers' perspectives

Marco Cerqueira
Catch up of where are we on the search of reliable welfare biomarkers since the last summer shoal

Sean Black
What the RSPCA is doing to advance the welfare of fish

Ana Rita Oliveira
Enriching the life of Captive Broodstock

Shannon Davis (& Anne Malleau)
Environmental enrichments are integral to farmed fish welfare

Claudia Millan
Fish Welfare Tracker, a benchmarking tool for farmed fish welfare

Garazi Rodríguez Valle
Advances in fish welfare in the Spanish aquaculture sector

Vivek Rachuri
Challenges andiImprovements of fish welfare in India

Kıraç, S. Deniz
Fish Welfare Project—Case in Turkey

Paul Denekamp
Is welfare also an issue for mussels and oysters?

Fisheries session

Billo Heinzpeter Studer & João Saraiva
Presentation of the Carefish/catch project

Jenny Volstorf
Assessment of the species likelihood and potential for least stress in fisheries

Mario Passoni & Andrea Pica
Fish Welfare Project: Friend of the Sea results and approach of the future

Jorge Gonçalves, Pedro Guerreiro, João Saraiva, Ana Marçalo, and Rita Costa
Experimental fisheries

Auke Pasterkamp
How we changed our fishery into stunning flatfish

Wasseem Emam
An animal welfare-based approach to wild capture fisheries: moving the industry towards more humane fishing practices

Hélène Gugenheim
The wake / talking circle

Closing session

More about the Summer Shoal,
with a look back into past editions.